Registering appservices

All the bridges here use the Matrix Application Service API. It's mostly the same as the client-server API, but there are a few key differences. Primarily, it means that the bridges

  • can control any user ID in a predefined namespace, e.g. all user IDs starting with @telegram_ and ending with,
  • don't have rate limits, and
  • have events pushed to them via HTTP, instead of pulling with long polling like normal Matrix clients do.

To get these special privileges, the bridge must be registered on the homeserver as an appservice. In general, this requires root access to the server. Instructions for individual homeserver implementations can be found below.

All of the instructions below require you to have the registration.yaml file ready, so make sure you've reached the point in the bridge setup instructions where it tells you to register the bridge on your homeserver.

The registration file is only necessary for the homeserver. None of the mautrix bridges will try to read it at runtime, as all the relevant information is also in the bridge-specific config file. However, this also means that if you change certain config fields, you must regenerate the registration file (or manually apply the relevant changes). The config fields that affect the registration are:

  • homeserver -> domain
  • appservice -> address
  • appservice -> bot_username (or bot -> username in Go bridges)
  • appservice -> ephemeral_events
  • appservice -> id
  • appservice -> as_token
  • appservice -> hs_token
  • bridge -> username_template
  • bridge -> alias_template (Telegram only)


If necessary, copy the registration file somewhere where Synapse can read it. Then add the path to the file under app_service_config_files in Synapse's homeserver.yaml file. The field must be an array of strings, for example:

- /data/mautrix-telegram-registration.yaml

After updating the config, restart Synapse to apply changes. If you change or regenerate the registration file, you will need to restart Synapse every time.

If Synapse fails to start after editing the config, it means you either made a YAML syntax error, or the file path is incorrect or not readable. See the Synapse logs to find out what went wrong exactly.

Some things to keep in mind:

  • When using Docker, the file needs to be mounted inside the container
  • If Synapse is running through systemd, the service file might have security hardening features that block access to certain paths.


Follow the instructions at


N.B. Dendrite is not a supported environment, as it often has serious bugs. It is strongly recommended to use Synapse or Conduit instead.

Dendrite works the same way as Synapse, except the relevant config field is config_files under app_service_api (and the config file is usually called dendrite.yaml rather than homeserver.yaml):

    - /data/mautrix-telegram-registration.yaml


Conduit doesn't use a config file, instead it has an admin command for registering appservices. Go to the admin room (which is created automatically when the first user is registered on the server), copy the contents of the registration YAML file, then send a register_appservice command: register_appservice
paste registration.yaml contents here

(replacing with the server name. You can also use tab autocompletion to mention the @conduit user in most clients).

You can confirm it worked using the list_appservices command (which should show the id field of the just registered appservice): list_appservices

See also:


  1. Review the following to tweak your registration.yaml:

    • Add the prefix "bridge_" to the as_token. Example: as_token: bridge_1m9jt3xt6qdb4...

    • The bridge id and the sender_localpart have to match. Choose a simple name such as the service being bridged.

    A bridge user and room will be created automatically based on the id (e.g. !id:localhost). It is also okay if these already exist.

  2. Convert the registration.yaml to registration.json using a yaml2json converter such as reserialize or a website.

    apt-get -y install reserialize
    reserialize yaml2json registration.yaml > registration.json
  3. Use the console to enter the command:

    bridge set /path/to/registration.json

    If the bridge has already been registered before then the prior configuration will be overwritten.

    The registration will take effect immediately without restarting the server or reloading the bridge module.

    The console command bridge will list all bridges by ID. bridge <id> will confirm the configuration for the bridge.

    The following are all functionally equivalent:

    • With terminal access strike ctrl-c and enter bridge set /path/to/registration.json at the prompt.
    • Operator sends message bridge set /path/to/registration.json to the !control room.
    • Operator sends server-side private-command prefix \\control bridge set /path/to/registration.json (any client, any room).
    • Non-interactive registration add the argument -execute "bridge set /path/to/registration.json" when running the server.
    • Non-interactive registration for multiple bridges: use multiple -execute arguments: -execute "bridge set registration1.json" -execute "bridge set registration2.json"

See also: