Getting started

This guide assumes you already have a maubot instance set up.

A maubot plugin file (.mbp) is a zip file that contains maubot.yaml and some Python modules. The maubot.yaml file contains metadata for maubot, such as the plugin's ID and what Python modules it contains.

The Plugin metadata page documents all options available in maubot.yaml. A minimal meta file looks like this:

maubot: 0.1.0
id: com.example.examplebot
version: 1.0.0
license: MIT
modules:
  - examplebot
main_class: ExampleBot

The file above will tell maubot to load the examplebot Python module and find the ExampleBot class inside it. The class must inherit the Plugin class from maubot. A simple bot that does nothing would therefore look like this:

from maubot import Plugin


class ExampleBot(Plugin):
  pass

A bot that does nothing is a bit boring, so let's make it do something. The maubot.handlers module contains decorators that can be used to define event handlers, chat commands and HTTP endpoints. Most bots use commands, so let's start with that.

The simplest command handlers are simply methods that take one parameter (the event) and are decorated with @command.new(). The method name will be used as the command.

from maubot import Plugin, MessageEvent
from maubot.handlers import command


class ExampleBot(Plugin):
  @command.new()
  async def hello_world(self, evt: MessageEvent) -> None:
    await evt.reply("Hello, World!")

With the maubot.yaml meta file above and this Python file saved as examplebot/__init__.py, you can build the plugin and try it out. To build plugins, you can either use mbc build or just zip it yourself (zip -9r plugin.mbp * in the directory with maubot.yaml). After you have the .mbp file, upload it to your maubot instance (see Basic usage), then try to use the !hello_world command.

If you make any changes, you can use mbc build --upload to build and upload the plugin directly to the server. Any plugin instances will be reloaded automatically so you can try out your changes immediately after uploading.